Gophers, also known as pocket gophers, are small rodents that can cause significant damage to gardens, lawns, and agricultural fields through their burrowing activities. They create networks of tunnels underground, which can disrupt plant roots, damage underground utility lines, and create unsightly mounds of dirt on the surface. Effective gopher control involves a combination of understanding their behavior, preventive measures, and direct control methods. Here’s everything you need to know about managing gopher populations:

Understanding Gopher Behavior
– Feeding Habits: Gophers are herbivores, primarily feeding on roots, tubers, and stems of plants they encounter while digging.
– Tunneling: They create extensive tunnel systems that serve as their living quarters, food storage, and protection from predators.
– Reproduction: Gophers can breed multiple times a year, with females producing several litters of young, which means populations can grow quickly if not managed.

Preventive Measures
– Physical Barriers: Installing underground fencing or barriers around gardens, lawns, or fields can prevent gophers from accessing plants. Use hardware cloth or wire mesh with small openings, buried at least 18 inches deep and extending above the ground level.
– Cultural Practices: Reducing habitat attractiveness can deter gophers. This includes removing excess vegetation, keeping lawns mowed, and reducing water accumulation which softens the soil and makes it ideal for digging.
– Plant Selection: Some plants are less appealing to gophers. Incorporating these into your landscape can reduce damage. Examples include daffodils, marigolds, and certain types of salvias.

Direct Control Methods
– Trapping: One of the most effective and environmentally friendly methods for controlling gophers. Place traps near the entrance to a gopher tunnel, usually indicated by fresh mounds of dirt. Check traps regularly and relocate or dispose of captured gophers according to local regulations.
– Baiting: Poison baits can be effective but carry risks to non-target animals, pets, and children. If choosing this method, carefully follow the product instructions and consider hiring a professional pest control service.
– Gassing: Carbon monoxide devices introduce smoke or gas into the tunnel system to suffocate gophers. This method requires specific equipment and may be best handled by professionals.
– Flooding: Flooding tunnels with water can sometimes encourage gophers to leave, but it’s not always effective and can waste water.
– Ultrasonic Devices: Devices that emit ultrasonic waves claim to repel gophers and other pests. However, their effectiveness is widely debated and may vary.

Hiring Professionals
In cases of severe infestation or when DIY methods fail, it may be necessary to hire a professional pest control service. Professionals have access to more effective tools and techniques and can implement solutions that are safe, humane, and compliant with local wildlife regulations.

Effective gopher control requires patience, persistence, and a combination of methods tailored to the specific situation. By understanding gopher behavior, implementing preventive measures, and carefully applying direct control techniques, it’s possible to manage gopher populations and minimize their impact on your property.

With gophers, it is generally a good idea to let professionals handle your gopher elimination.In Utah, your best choice for gopher removal is Utah Gopher Control.

For more information please call today at: 801-639-9484